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Exploration & Production
Louisiana ranks among the top 10 states in both crude oil reserves and annual crude oil production. Commercial crude oil production in Louisiana started early in the 20th century, soon after the 1901 discovery of the Spindletop oil field just over the border in Texas. (Source: EIA)
Louisiana is one of the top natural gas-producing States in the country. Including output from the Louisiana Outer Continental Shelf (OCS), Louisiana ranks second in the Nation in natural gas production. Excluding OCS production, Louisiana ranks fourth. (Source: EIA)
Louisiana E&P Facts
- Louisiana produces an estimated 50,036,000 barrels of crude oil annually, not including OCS production. (Source: EIA)
- Including federal OCS production, Louisiana produced nearly 1.6 million barrels per day in 2017 (Source: EIA) - That’s almost 16 percent of the nation’s crude oil production
- Louisiana produces an estimated 2,366,943 million cubic feet of natural gas annually. (Source: EIA)
Louisiana Refinery Facts
- Louisiana ranks second among the 50 states in petroleum refining capacity.
- Louisiana uses 18 refineries to handle over 3.0 million barrels of crude oil per day.
- At its peak, the state had more than 30 refineries operating in Louisiana.
- Operating refineries in Louisiana account for 18% of the nation’s refining capacity.
- ExxonMobil’s refinery located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana is the fourth largest refinery in the United States.
- Marathon’s refinery located in Garyville, Louisiana is the third largest in the United States.
- Louisiana’s refineries serve the states of Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, Illinois and the eastern seaboard.
Louisiana Operating Refineries Crude Oil Capacity as of January 2018 (source)
Refinery Location Bbls/day Alon Refining Krotz Springs 80,000 Calcasieu Refining Lake Charles 125,000 Calumet Lubricants Cotton Valley 13,020 Calumet Lubricants Princeton 8,300 Calumet Shreveport Shreveport 57,000 Chalmette Refining, LLC Chalmette 190,000 Citgo Petroleum Lake Charles 418,000 ExxonMobil Baton Rouge 502,500 Marathon Petroleum Garyville 556,000 Shell Oil Company Convent 210,000 Shell Oil Company Norco 218,200 Phillips 66 Belle Chasse 249,700 Phillips 66 Westlake 260,000 Placid Refining Co Port Allen 75,000 Valero Refining Co Meraux 125,000 Valero Refining Co Norco 215,000 Louisiana Refinery Yield Per Barrel of Oil Final Products Made From Crude Oil Gasoline 41 % Ink Cosmetics Jet Fuel 11.3 Heart Valves Sneakers Liquefied Gases 5.1 Crayons Bubble Gum Kerosene 0.3 Parachutes Car Bodies Distillate 31.3 Telephones Tires Residual Fuel Oil 3.1 Brassieres House Paint Feedstocks 2.9 Tape Ammonia Special Napthas 0.1 Antiseptics Eyeglasses Lubricants 1.2 Purses Life Jackets Waxes 0.1 Deodorant Fertilizers Coke 6.3 Panty Hose Movie Film Asphalt 0.4 Shoes Loudspeakers Still Gas 4.3 Volleyballs Basketballs Miscellaneous 0.5 Tape Combs Shortage (Gain*) -7.8 Floor Wax Gasoline *The final total product of a refined barrel of crude oil may exceed 1 barrel, since some of the lighter liquids are in a near gaseous state and accordingly take up more volume. This list is only a sampling of the products made from crude oil. It is not intended to be all-inclusive. It is meant to show in just how many areas products made from crude oil are found and used.
Louisiana Oil and Gas Pipelines
The pipeline industry is a vital part of the oil and gas industry in Louisiana. Louisiana has an extensive pipeline network with thousands of miles of pipeline in the state, serving all facets of the industry as well as consumers.
Louisiana pipelines safely transport crude oil from the Gulf of Mexico to refineries in Louisiana and other states as well as carry natural gas to all parts of the country. Pipelines transport natural gas from producing states such as Louisiana to utility companies, chemical companies and other users throughout the nation. Pipelines are also used to transport refined petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel from refineries in Louisiana and other states to markets all over the country.
Louisiana Pipeline Facts
- There is a total of approximately 125,000 miles of pipelines moving through Louisiana. There is an estimated 87,764 miles of pipelines onshore Louisiana and 37,000 miles of pipelines in Louisiana OCS waters.
- There are thousands of miles of flow lines and gathering lines moving oil and gas from the wellhead to separating facilities while other pipelines transport chemical products with no petroleum base.
- The total assessed value of the pipelines in Louisiana is over $1.9 Billion, according to the Louisiana Tax Commission’s 2011 Annual Report.
- The pipeline industry employs an average of 2,611 persons in Louisiana with an annual payroll of more than $203 million. (Source: Loren Scott Study p.7)
- Louisiana is home to the world's only offshore superport, Louisiana Offshore Oil Port (LOOP), which allows supertankers to unload crude oil away from shore so that it can be transported via pipeline to onshore terminals. LOOP is the only port in the U.S. capable of accommodating deepdraft tankers.
- The Henry Hub in Louisiana is a hub of natural gas pipelines in Erath, Louisiana that serves as the pricing point for natural gas futures trading in the United States.
- Cheniere’s Sabine Pass LNG (liquefied natural gas) import terminal is the largest of nine existing LNG import sites in the United States.
Marketing is the wholesale and retail distribution, including tanker truck transportation, of refined petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel fuel to business, industry, government and public consumers.
Approximately 2 billion gallons of gasoline are consumed in Louisiana, with most of it being purchased at gasoline stations located in virtually every community of the state.
What we pay for in a regular gallon of gasoline?
- Taxes 18%
- Distribution & Marketing 11%
- Refining 14%
- Crude Oil 57%
Motor Fuel Taxes
Gasoline Motor Fuel Taxes (April 2018)
The federal tax on gasoline is 18.4 cents per gallon.
Region Total State (Excise + Other) Total State & Federal Louisiana 20.1 38.41 US Average 33.72 52.12
The American Petroleum Institute (API) collects motor fuel tax information for all 50 states and compiles a quarterly report and chart detailing changes and calculating a nationwide average.